How To Produce A Quality Liquid Soap

Chemicals Needed for the Production of Liquid soap .
Using milk cup for your measurement, you need:
  1. C M. S (Antisol and NitIosol) ……. 1 cup: These agent serve as thickner In liquid soap.
  2. S.L.S. (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate). 1/2 cup This agent helps to break surface tention (surfactant) to allow better interaction with other chemicals, it also produces foams.
  3. Soda ash (Sodium carbonate) . .. 1 cup This serves as a stain remover, it helps to soften hand water.
  4. S. T. P. P (Sodium Tripolyphospate)…. 1/2 cup This acts as a foam booster.
  5. Sulphonic (Sulfonic) acid …… .. . ..2 litres This is the agent that helps to produce foam in liquid soap.
  6. Texapon … …… ………………… 1/4 cup This is a foaming agent which forms micelles that allows non-polar materials like oil to be dissolved in Water
  7. Caustic Soda. …… . ……… . …… . ….. 1/2 cup This is an agent that removes dirt in clothes: 
  8. Preservative. . .. …………………… 2 tablespoons This helps the soap to stay longer. 
  9. Fragrance (as desired) …….. . …..This adds a nice scent to your liquid soap. You can get Lemon, pineapple or strawberry fragrance.
  10. Colourant (as desired).. this gives colour to your liquid soap. It comes in different colours such as lemon green, blue, dark green or pink. ‘You could get other colours as well. 
  11. Water …….. . ………………………….. 20 litres This serves as the solvent and it is needed in large quantity.

Production Process of Liquid Soap .

  • Dissolve Antisol with 2 litres of water and let it stay for at least 24 hours; if you are using Nitrosol, dissolve with 5 liters of water and use immediately.
  • Dissolve Caustic Soda with 1 litre of water and keep it overnight for fermentation to take place. ‘
  • Dissolve Soda ash with 1tin milk of water and keep it overnight. ‘9 The next day, dissolve STPP with 1 cup of water and keep aside. 
  • Dissolve SLS with 1 cup of water and keep aside. 
  • Dissolve Taxapon with Sulphoric Acid and keep aside. 
  • Finally dissolve the .Colourant with 1 cup of water (make sure you dissolve the colour completely). ‘
  • How to Mix the Chemicals for Liquid Soap. 
  • Add Caustic Soda solution into the Texapon and stir till the whole salt is fully dissolved. Caustic Soda is very corrosive, make sure you are careful. 
  • Add the Sulphonic Acid little at a time till all is added to it. Stir gently as product may foam heavily. 
  • Continually add water to it and stir until the mixture turns whitish.
  • Add the dissolved STPP and keep stirring.
  • Add the dissolved SLS to the content and stir. 
  • Add Soda ash and stir. 
  • Turn the mixture into the bowl containing the Antisol or Nitrosol and keep stirring till the solution thickens. Stirring should be very slowly because vigorously turning may lead to excess foaming. 
  • Add the dissolved Colourant. 
  • (if the foaming is excessive , stop stirring till the foaming disappears and turn again 
  • You can as well dilute the mixture with water if it is too thick). 
  • Add fragrance and preservative and stir. When all the chemicals are well mixed leave the mixture to stay for some hours and finally package into squirt or pump bottle for household use or for sale. 
  • Please never leave your soap under the sun or any source of heat as it will loose its colour, consistency and its lather.
  • Precautions to Take When Making Liquid Soap
  • If you splash soap in your eyes, flush with plenty water immediately and see a physician . This is why you need to use protective eye glasses while making the soap. 
  • It there is any splash on your skin, apply apple ciders vinegar and then flush out with plenty water.

Needed Equipments and Tools for Liquid Soap Production:

  1. Hand Gloves: to protect your hands. Touching the soap directly with your hands can cause crack skin. 
  2. Nose Mask: to protect you from inhaling the concentrated chemicals. 
  3. Turning Stick or Long Spatula. 
  4. Measuring Spoon and a funnel: (to add it to the bottles). 
  5. Plastic bowl or buckets. 
  6. Squirt or pump bottles for packaging. Towel for wiping bottles dry and cleaning of hands when done 
  7. Long sleeves trousers, shoes and sock to completely cover yourself to protect from spillage over your skin.
  8. Water.
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